during this period pericles, the athenian ruler and aspasia’s partner, treated aspasia as an equal and allowed her the opportunity to engage in dialogue with the important and educated men of society. plato (429-347 bce) wrote about rhetoric in the form of dialogues with socrates as the main character. he criticized the sophists for using rhetoric as a means of deceit instead of discovering truth. sophists were self-appointed professors of how to succeed in the civic life of the greek states. cicero is most famous in the field of public speaking for creating the five canons of rhetoric, a five-step process for developing a persuasive speech that we still use to teach public speaking today.
” in contrast to the classical period, which saw tremendous growth and innovation in the study of communication, the medieval period might be considered the dark ages of academic study in public speaking. he thought that the study of persuasion, in particular, was a worthwhile pursuit for the church. francis bacon (1561-1626), a contemporary of shakespeare, believed that the journey to truth was paramount to the study and performance of communication. overall, the enlightenment period served as a bridge between the past and the present. throughout the 20th century, rhetoric developed as a concentrated field of study with the establishment of rhetorical courses in high schools and universities. thus, the 60’s and 70’s worked to bridge together the old and new school of communication study for the first time.
brilliant public speakers also need sometimes to be brilliant facilitators, especially if they want to make sure their audience to think and learn as they speak. named after socrates (ca. ), the early greek philosopher/teacher, a socratic approach to asking questions is based on the practice of thoughtful dialogue. socratic facilitators or public speakers aim not so much to judge the outcome of a discussion, but to deepen the learning of participants. here are the six facets to socratic questioning and specific examples you can utilize in your public speaking to boost critical thinking and group interaction. in a facilitated discussion you can use this type of socratic question to get your audience to think more about their own ideas, or to help them engage in your subject matter. these type of questions “open up” the discussion, encouraging details about a thought process, or for clarification purposes. next, rock the foundations of your audience’s world by asking probing questions that challenge their assumptions around your subject matter. this makes your audience think about the presuppositions and unquestioned beliefs on which they are founding their beliefs.
these type of socratic questions test the strength of the argument given. this is also a useful questioning strategy when you’re being asked a question that seems tricky to answer. perhaps the question the audience member is asking is wrong, in which case a reasoning question would help them to see the fault in their own logic. most arguments are given from a particular position. this type of socratic question helps analysing the implications of a line of reasoning. is the outcome from this perspective desirable? these questions start to bring the conversation towards a conclusion and are often used to start to sum up a discussion, or to develop action points. this is a useful tool to connect the audience to the purpose of your talk or discussion – and might be used towards the start of a talk to create audience buy-in, or towards the end to evaluate what has been discussed. i see any type of public speaking as a form of “teaching”… sharing information about a subject that is important to us and to the audience.
our current knowledge and practice of public speaking draws upon the western thought from greece and rome. also known as the “fantastic four”aspasia of miletus, socrates, plato, and aristotle. socrates enjoyed using questions to delve into his audiences’ arguments and then show them why their public speaking tip from socrates. category: tips from celebrities. “we are what we repeatedly do. excellence, then, is a, aristotle public speaking, aristotle public speaking, the history of public speaking, how should speeches be organized, famous public speakers in history.
we listen to a regular ted presenter, and we know in advance how her whole speech will evolve. socrates – socrates – the athenian ideal of free speech: that socrates was prosecuted because of his religious ideas socrates (469-399 bce) greatly influenced the direction of the classical period. most of what we know about socrates, tradition of public speaking, history of public speaking in the philippines, history of public speaking pdf, public speaking rewarding, filipino public speaking tradition, what is public speaking according to scholars, ancient examples of the study of public speaking quizlet, why is it important to know the history of public speaking
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