cognitive restructuring public speaking

since the major difference between “presenting” to a public audience versus “presenting” to a small group of close friends involves one’s attitude about the situation. the first step is to identify objectively what you are thinking as you approach a public speaking opportunity. the first step in cr is to shine a bright light directly on it. probably the most common concern people have is being the “center of attention.” when people describe this specific scrutiny fear, they use phrases like “everyone just stares at me,” or “i don’t like having all eyes on me.” consider for a moment what your experiences have been like when you have been a member of the audience for another speaker. direct eye contact can mean different things in different cultures, but in u.s. culture, eye contact is the primary means for an audience to demonstrate that they are listening to a speaker. go back to that memory of you as a member of the audience, but this time reflect on what sort of expectations you had at the time. did you have in mind some super-high level of performance—below which the speaker would have disappointed you?

isn’t it a much more pleasant experience when the speaker does well? they are willing to give the speaker a chance to say what they want to say. what if i make a mistake? put yourself in the role of audience member and ask yourself whether your fears as a speaker are consistent with your expectations as an audience member. remember that, just like you, the audience wants the speaker to succeed. the most important thing to remember is that you are trying cr as a means of breaking a habit, and habits are formed over periods of time, never instantaneously. the presence of ca in any student brings with it the need to prepare more deliberately and more diligently.

cognitive restructuring means changing the messages you send to yourself about your public speaking experiences and skills. a good first step is to make a small attitude adjustment. you might be thinking about your presentation as a performance. in order to effectively communicate with your audience, you need to break down the metaphorical wall that exists between you and the audience, and you need to feel like you are speaking to each person there, not performing for an anonymous crowd. next, think about your fears and concerns about public speaking.

here’s an example: every time joe speaks, he is afraid that the building will set on fire and burst into flames right in the middle of his speech. every time lauren speaks, she worries that an audience member’s phone will go off during the speech and distract her and the audience. it’s pretty obvious that joe’s fire scenario is unlikely to occur, while lauren’s phone scenario is highly likely. in this example, lauren could decide to stop if a phone goes off and wait for the room to get quiet before proceeding. coping statements involve turning your fears and concerns into positive statements. here’s an example: evan worries that people are judging him based on his speech and that people do not find him interesting.

a change in attitude can be fostered through a self-reflective regimen called cognitive restructuring (cr), which is an cognitive restructuring means changing the messages you send to yourself about your public speaking experiences cognitive restructuring entails changing the way we think about something. a first step in restructuring how we deal with public speaking anxiety is to cognitively process through our fears to realize that many of the thoughts associated with public speaking anxiety are irrational (allen, hunter & donohue, 2009)., cognitive restructuring public speaking quizlet, cognitive restructuring public speaking quizlet, communication apprehension, cognitive modification public speaking definition, deliberate cognitive restructuring. cognitive restructuring entails changing the way we think about something. a first step in restructuring how we deal with public speaking anxiety is to cognitively process through our fears to realize that many of the thoughts associated with public speaking anxiety are irrational (allen, hunter & donohue, 2009).

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